Diamonds form about 100 miles below the surface of the Earth, in the molten rock of the earth's core

Diamonds are the hardest material on earth : 58 times harder than anything else in nature

Most diamonds are between 1 to 3 billion years old

In order for a diamond to be created, a pressure of 435,113 pounds per square inch must be placed on carbon at a temperature of over 750      degrees

Almost 85% of the world's diamonds are not suitable for use as jewelry

The average yield in most diamond mines is 1 part diamond to 1 million parts host rock

Diamond is the only gem composed of one single element: carbon

An estimated 5 million people have access to appropriate healthcare globally thanks to revenues from diamonds

The revenue from diamonds is instrumental in the fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic

Approximately one million people are employed by the diamond industry in India

An estimated 65% of the world's diamonds come from African countries

Diamond revenues enable every child in Botswana to receive free education up to the age of 13

Conflict diamonds have been reduced from approximately 4% to considerably less than 1% since the implementation of the Kimberley Process in       2003

In July 2000, the global diamond industry announced its zero-tolerance policy towards conflict diamonds and continues to drive this policy